Denpasar ( 21 / 08 ) : The Indonesian Government held the 7th Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation ( APEC ) Senior Disaster Management Officials Forum ( SDMOF) from 21-22 August 2013 in Denpasar , Bali . This Meeting raises the theme of “Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction and Increasing Disaster Resilience in the Asia Pacific Region “was attended by representatives of Governments and International Agencies from at least 13 countries. This meeting is expected to produce the key points for improving disaster management in the region.
ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific) and UNISDR ( United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction ) Report in 2012 stated that Asia Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world . Disasters can have a significant impact for the country’s economic growth. On the other hand, many vulnerable groups, such as the poor, which circumstances of their life would be more difficult if affected. APEC members realize the importance of strengthening cooperation in disaster risk reduction and increasing disaster resilience.
Nearly two million people die from disasters between 1970 and 2011, or about 75 % of the victims of the disaster in the world. Meanwhile, the economic losses associated with earthquakes and tsunami in Japan and flooding in Southeast Asia that occurred in 2011 caused losses amounting to USD294 trillion regional economies, or about 80 % of the world total losses caused by the disaster.
The 7th SDMOF disaster will discuss several topics, those are: (1) increase the capacity of countries in the Asia Pacific region, (2) the role of the private sector in disaster risk reduction, and (3) discussion of lessons learned about disaster preparedness and emergency response. In addition, SDMOF expected to produce a number of recommendations, agreements, and cooperation related to disaster risk reduction, to be brought to the APEC forum summit in October 2013. Among other things, related to the potential for cooperation among APEC countries for the implementation of technology, involvement of the private sector, and strengthening of small and medium-sized businesses face a formidable catastrophe.
Head of the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) DR. Syamsul Maarif opened officially SDMOF held at Hotel Kartika Plaza, Bali (21 / 08). In his opening address, DR. Syamsul Maarif said Indonesia as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world understand the true impact of disasters on social and economic aspects . Indonesia committed to increasing efforts to reduce risks through various means, including the use of science and technology.
Related to this, Syamsul Maarif said one of the challenges of disaster management is to bridge the gap between scientific analysis and action at the community level. “Assessment of disaster risk is dominated by scientific parameters that are often not realized regardless of the factual conditions in the community. This should not be happened. The process of risk analysis, decision making, and all disaster relief efforts should depart from the real needs in the community, “he said.
According to the Head of BNPB, great and valuable experience from every country and organization in attendance is a useful material for reducing disaster risk and increase the resilience of the region. “Every disaster is always give a lot to learn , enrich the experience and expertise in responding to disaster situations , ” said Syamsul Maarif .
SDMOF attended by 46 representatives of delegations from 13 countries, as well as 10 representatives of International Organizations and the United Nations ( UN ) . In addition, Indonesian representatives was from Ministries/Agencies as well as the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) from numbers of provinces. 6th SDMOF previously held in Vladivostok, Russia, the 9-10 October 2012 by producing some documents. Since 2005, the APEC role was increased in disaster management in the region. For Indonesia, the implementation is expected to provide benefits SDMOF as DRR mainstreaming and capacity building at the community level. In addition, local governments can be more prepared in the preparedness of both the resources and policies at the local level. (pz)
Translated by Henrikus Adi Hernanto